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Interrodative sentences

An lnterrogative Sentence, is used for asking questions or making enquiries etc. And when it is changed from the Direct into the Indirect Speech. This may well be grasped By comparing the sentences given below:-

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
1. I said to him, “Why are you late?” 1. I asked him why he was late.
2. He said to me, “Where is your father now?" 2. He asked me where my father was then.
3. She said to us, “When will the train arrive?" 3. She asked us when the train would arrive.
4. I said to her, “Is she suffering from fever?" 4. I asked her if she was suffering from fever.
5. She said to him, “Have you taken leave of your senses?" 5. She asked him if he had taken leave of his senses.
6. I said to the headmaster, “May I come in, sir?" 6. I asked the headmaster respectfully if l might come in.

You can see that in changing an Interrogative Sentence from the Direct into the Indirect Speech:-

1. All Pronouns have been changed as explained on direct and indirect page.

2. All Verbs have been changed as explained on assertive sentences .

3 All words like “now” and “sir” have been changed as explained on direct and indirect page.

4 “Said to” has, in each and every sentence, been changed into “asked.”

5 lf the “question” in the Reported Speech begins with an interrogative word (why, where, who, whose, etc.), the lnterrogative word is followed by the Subject of the Reported speech; and that, in its tum, by the Verb. (Examples 2-3).

6. lf the “question” in the Reported Speech begins with a Verb or an Auxiliary Verb (is, have, may, are, can, shall, etc.), we place "it" after the Object of the Reporting Verb; then comes the Subject ofthe Reported Speech; and, last of all, the Predicate.

7. The mark of Interrogation is replaced by a full-stop.

It may be noted that, ln changing an lnterrogative Sentence from the Direct into the Indirect Speech, “said to” can also be changed into “enquired of,” and “whether” may be used in place of “if"; as,

Direct Speech. ---- The policeman said to me, “Where are you going?"

Indirect Speech. ---- The policeman enquired of me where I was going.

Direct Speech. ----- She said to me, “Will you listen to such a man?"

Indirect Speech. ----- She inquired of me whether I would listen to such a man.

Indirect lnterrogative Sentences.--- Indirect Assertive Sentences may be changed into the Direct Speech by reversing the rules explained above; as,

1. Indirect Speech. ---- I asked him where he was coming from.

Direct Speech. ---- i said to him, “Where are you coming from?"

2. Indirect Speech. ---- The doctor enquired of him if he had taken a bath.

Direct Speech. ---- The doctor said to him, “Did you take a bath ’?”

3. Indirect Speech. --- She asked him whether he would attend the meeting.

Direct Speech. ---- She said to him, “Will you attend the meeting?"

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